一般財團法人東方學會 本文へジャンプ
           

BOOKS
CLASSICAL JAPANESE GRAMMAR ILLUSTRATED WITH TEXTS published in 1975 is a clear and thorough exposition of traditional Japanese grammar in English, the most essential since the appearance of Sir George Sansom’s “An Historical Grammar of Japanese” in 1928. The author late Prof. IKEDA Tadashi was a specialist of medieval Japanese literature. The third printing was published in 2000.

JINSAI SORAI NORINAGA: Three Classical Philologists of mid-Tokugawa Japan published in January 1983 is an English translation of the late Prof. YOSHIKAWA Kōjirō’s work focusing on three mid-Tokugawa thinkers, Itō Jinsai, Ogyū Sorai and Motoori Norinaga, who led the way in developing a “philological” approach for appreciating life and culture in ancient China and Japan.

AN INTRODUCTION TO BUDDHISM published in July 1987 is the English version of Bukkyō Nyūmon by Dr. TAKASAKI Jikido, one of the Japan’s leading scholars of Indian philosophy, esp. Mahāyāna Buddhism.

HISTORY OF PROTESTANTISM IN CHINA: The Indigenization of Christianity published in March 2000 is a revised and enlarged English version of the Chūgoku Kirisutokyō-shi Kenkyū by the late Dr. YAMAMOTO Sumiko.

THE EDO PERIOD: Early Modern and Modern in Japanese History published in January 2006 is an English version of the Edo Jidai to wa Nanika-Nihon Shijō ni okeru Kinsei to Kindai (pub. 1992) by BITŌ Masahide, a leading scholar in the field of Tokugawa intellectual history.

CLASSICAL JAPANESE GRAMMAR ILLUSTRATED WITH TEXTS

By IKEDA Tadashi (池田重)
Published June 1975, 18.2×25.7cm, 364 pp., hard, ¥7,600
ISBN4-924530-01-8

This book is a clear and thorough exposition of traditional Japanese grammar, the most essential since the appearance of Sir George Sansom’s “An Historical Grammar of Japanese” in 1928, and it has proved to be a significant aid to foreign scholars of Japanese.
   The book is based upon the grammar of the Heian period (794-1185), which is recognized as the standard grammar of Classical Japanese. The passages and poems which are used for illustration have been taken from important works of literature of the Heian period: Ise monogatari 伊勢物語, Makura no sōshi 枕草子, Genji monogatari 源氏物語, and Kokin wakashū 古今和歌集. All have been analyzed into short phrases and sentences with extensive cross-referencing. Complete texts of the selected passages have been printed at the end of the volume, with reference numbers to indicate where words or phrases have been used in example sentences. Once the student has familiarized himself with the general features of Classical Japanese as presented in the descriptive material, he should be able to read the original texts, referring back to the grammatical explanations and the English renderings of examples.
   Renderings of the examples have been given both in Modern Japanese and in English; and in the modern Japanese versions account has been taken of their original context in order to facilitate reading of the complete text. The footnotes provide further details of grammar, as well as necessary explanations of the grammar current in the periods before and after Heian. Most of the important words, compounds, and phrases used in this book have been tabulated in the Index, making the volume a very handy reference grammar.

[CONTENTS]

Introduction
Ⅰ. Classical Kana Orthography and Pronunciation
Ⅱ. The Conjugations in Classical Japanese: Verbs ⁄ Adjectives ⁄ Adjectival verbs ⁄ Auxiliary verbs
Ⅲ. Honorific Language and Its Use
     The types of honorific language ⁄ The auxiliary verbs used in respect language ⁄ Words used
     either as verbs or as special auxiliary verbs in respect language ⁄ Other important verbs ⁄
     prefixes, suffixes and other words used in respect language
Ⅳ. Uninflected words in Classical Japanese
     Particles: Case particles ⁄ Conjunctive particles / Emotive particles ⁄ Final particles ⁄
          Adverbial particles ⁄ Exclamatory particles
     Adverbs : Fixed modifiers ⁄ Conjunctions ⁄ Interjections ⁄ Important prefixes and suffixes ⁄
          Prefixes ⁄ Suffixes
     A note about onbin音便
Ⅴ. Sentence Structure and Style
     Omissions and abbreviations ⁄ Sentence structures requiring careful attention ⁄ Special points
          to be noted ⁄ Special rhetorical devices
     Texts: Ise monogatari (Section 9), Makura no sōshi (Chapters 1 and 184), Genji monogatari
           (Selected from Chapter Ⅰ), Kokin wakashū (22 poems selected), Romanized transcription
           of the texts
Index: 1. Finding list for example sentences; 2. Important words and compounds


      
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JINSAI SORAI NORINAGA: Three Classical Philologists of Mid-Tokugawa Japan

By YOSHIKAWA Kōjirō (吉川幸次郎)
Tr. by KIKUCHI Yūji (菊池雄二)
Published January 1983, 14.8×21cm, 303 pp., hard, ¥5,500
ISBN 4-924530-02-6

The subtitle of this book, “Three Classical Philologists of Mid-Tokugawa Japan,” was suggested by the author, the late Professor Yoshikawa Kōjirō, when the translation of the essays included here was first undertaken. What he suggested, however, was not the English word “philologist” but its German counterpart “Philolog,” presumably because of the broader scope of the German term. It should be noted, therefore, that the term “philologist” in the subtitle is used not simply in the sense of “linguist,” but to mean a scholar who seeks to understand the life and culture of a particular people or period of antiquity through the linguistic records specific to that age. In the present book the author focuses in turn on three figures, Itō Jinsai 伊藤仁斎 (1627‒1705), Ogyū Sorai 荻生徂徠 (1666‒1728), and Motoori Norinaga 本居宣長 (1730‒1801), who led the way in developing such scholarly approaches in early modern Japan.
   Jinsai and Sorai, as Confucians, devoted themselves to the study of the language and culture of ancient China and expounded the ideas of Confucius and other ancient Chinese thinkers. By contrast, Norinaga, seeking to clarify the language and culture of ancient Japan, reacted aagainst Chinese thought and its Confucian mainstream. He decried the influence of the latter on Japan as having impeded the transmission to later ages of ancient Japanese culture in its original form. Nevertheless, the character and methodology of the scholarship of Jinsai, Sorai, and Norinaga had much in comon, and Japanese scholars now standardly see them as constituting one distinct line in the evolution of Tokugawa intellectual history. Professor Yoshikawa shared this opinion.
   It is not only for their historical role in establishing the use of modern critical methods in the study of the language and culture of ancient China and Japan that Jinsai, Sorai, and Norinaga are appreciated today. They continue to exert an influence on present-day scholarship in the areas of study that they founded. Professor Yoshikawa’s interest in the three developed out of his realization of the similarity between his own methodology and theirs and his recognition of their scholarly and intellectual approaches as a source of inspiration and confirmation of his own. Reflecting this long-standing interest, he published several articles on them; the three essays included in the present book, all written in the latter years of the author’s life, represent his most comprehensive work in this field. (From Introduction by BITŌ Masahide)

[CONTENTS]

FOREWORD (by KAIZUKA Shigeki 貝塚茂樹)
INTRODUCTION (by BITŌ Masahide 尾藤正英)
ITŌ JINSAI:
     Ⅰ. Life
     Ⅱ. Jinsai’s Thought and Scholarship
OGYŪ SORAI:
     Ⅰ. The Outline of Sarai’s Thought
     Ⅱ. The First Period―From Childhood to the Age of Forty, Sorai as a Philologist
     Ⅲ. The Second Period―In His Forties, as a Man of Letters
     Ⅳ: The Third Periods―From the Age of Fifty to His Death, as a Philosopher
THE THOUGHT OF MOTOORI NORINAGA
Notes / About the Author / About the Translator


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AN INTRODUCTION TO BUDDHISM

By TAKASAKI Jikido (髙﨑直道)
Tr. by Rolf W. GIEBEL
Published July 1987, 14.8×21cm, 392 pp., hard, ¥6, 500
ISBN 4-924530-04-2

There is no dearth of books in Western languages dealing with Buddhism in all its manifold aspects and directed at both the general reader and the specialist. Since Buddhism boasts of a history of two and a half millennia, which has in turn given birth to a vast body of literature, many schools of thought, and diverse developments in doctrine and methods of practice, it is only natural that the upsurge in research on Buddhism throughout the world in recent years should have resulted in such a flood of published material on the subject. But in spite of, or perhaps rather because of, this very wealth of literature, it is becoming increasingly difficult both for the person approaching the subject for the first time and for the more advanced student interested in a particular facet of Buddhism to gain a balanced understanding of the basic principles of Buddhism. It was in consideration of such circumstances that it was decided to publish this English version of An Introduction to Buddhism by one of Japan’s leading scholars of Buddhism.
  The author, Takasaki Jikido, Litt. D., is a specialist in Indian Buddhism, in particular the philosophy of Mahāyāna Buddhism. At the same time, as a Japanese, he is well versed in the Buddhist traditions of China, Korea, and Japan, and this erudition, coupled with his ability to utilize not only sanskrit but also Pāli, Tibetan, and Chinese original texts, has enabled him to elucidate from an impartial standpoint the essence of Buddhist thought lying at the basis of all its multifarious developments. In doing so, he has succeeded in presenting an ordered and comprehensive exposition of the key terms of Buddhist thought in which not only are basic concepts dealt with individually but it is also demonstrated how these basic concepts interrelate to constitute the single integrated whole which is Buddhism. The outline of Buddhist history, based on the results of recent research and ranging from India to Japan, further allows the reader to place the doctrinal developments within a historical perspective. There are also detailed indexes to meet the needs of both the general and the advanced reader.

[CONTENTS]

Introduction: What is Buddhism ?
Chapter Ⅰ. The Life of Śākyamuni
Chapter Ⅱ. The True Nature of the Buddha
Chapter Ⅲ. Dharma: The Buddhist Conception of Truth
Chapter Ⅳ. Sarva-dharmāh : The Constituent Elements of Existence
Chapter Ⅴ. Transmigration, Karma, and Mental Defilements
Chapter Ⅵ. The Path to Enlightenment
Chapter Ⅶ. Mind: The Agency of Practice
Chapter Ⅷ. The Ideal Practitioner
Chapter Ⅸ. The Precepts and the Organization of the Community
Chapter Ⅹ. The History of Buddhism
     1) Buddhism in India and the Surrounding Lands
     2) Chinese Buddhism
     3) Korean Buddhism
     4) Japanese Buddhism
Sources / Select Bibliography
English, Sanskrit, Pāli, and Chinese Indexes
The Author; the Translator


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HISTORY OF PROTESTANTISM IN CHINA: Indigenization of Christianity

By YAMAMOTO Sumiko (山本澄子)
Published March 2000, 500 pp., hard, ¥6,300
ISBN 4‒924530-07‒7

The history of Christianity in East Asia can be studied in two ways: one may emphasize the evangelical activities of missionaries from Western countries, or one may focus on the churches that were founded by the hands of Christians born and raised in East Asia. The aim of the present study is to do the latter. It lays stress on the relationship of Christianity to the history and thought of China, but it also raises the fundamental question of whether Christianity has successfully taken root in East Asia. Throughout this book, the author uses the term “indigenization” to encompass all aspects of the vital process whereby Christianity becomes accepted and deeply rooted in an Asian culture and society to such an extent that it is regarded as a religion of the Asian people.
    With a view to answering questions related to the problem of “indigenization,” the first part of the present book attempts to describe the history of Chinese Protestant churches in the early twentieth century, while the second part sets out to elucidate the thoughts and ideas revealed in some of the representative works of Chinese Protestant leaders deeply concerned with the task of indigenizing Christianity in their own land.
    The author, Dr. Yamamoto Sumiko (1914‒1997), was a specialist in the history of Christianity in China, especially the history of Protestantism. Initially she had been engaged in the study of the Tanguts from the T‘ang through to the Sung, but after World War Ⅱ she devoted herself to the study of the history of Christianity.
    At the time there were in Japan no basic source materials on the history of Protestantism in China, and Dr. Yamamoto began by systematically collecting relevant material. On the basis of these materials, she published in December 1972 a study entitled Chūgoku Kirisutokyō-shi kenkyū 中国キリスト教史研究 (Studies on the history of Christianity in China). This was subsequently enlarged and revised, eventually resulting in the present English version.

[CONTENTS]
Acknowledgements
Supplementary Acknowledgments
Introduction
Part Ⅰ: Growth of the Chinese Protestant Church
     Chapter Ⅰ. A Brief History of the Protestant Missions to China, 1807‒1906
     Chapter Ⅱ. The Move for Church Autonomy and Coalition, 1907‒1921
     Chapter Ⅲ. The Movement to Sinicize Christianity, 1922‒1927
     Chapter Ⅳ. Christianity and Social Change, 1928‒1937
     Chapter Ⅴ. Christian Churches under the People’s Republic of China
Part Ⅱ: Intellectual Trends among China’s Christian Leaders
     Chapter Ⅵ. T. C. Chao’s 趙紫宸 Life of Jesus (耶穌傳)
     Chapter Ⅶ. L. C. Wu’s 呉雷川 Christianity and Chinese Culture (基督教與中國文化)
     Chapter Ⅷ. Y. T. Wu’s 呉耀宗 No Man Hath Seen God (没有人看見過上帝)
     Chapter Ⅸ. The Indigenous Chruch Debate of the 1920s
     Chapter Ⅹ. Christianity and Ancestor Worship in China
Conclusion
Bibliography
Chronology of Protestantism in China
Index


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THE EDO PERIOD: Early Modern and Modern in Japanese History

By BITŌ Masahide (尾藤正英)
Published January 2006, 270 pp., hard cover, ¥5,000
ISBN 4-924530‒08‒5

One of the leading postwar historians of Japan, Professor Bitō Masahide has long been recognized for his insightful reframing of major issues in Japanese history. Drawing from his familiarity with a wide range of sources, he has challenged conventional understandings of both institutional and intellectual developments and cast a new and perceptive light on such matters as the role of Sung Confucianism in early Edo thought and society, the evolution of the ideology of “revere the emperor and expel the barbarians” and the motivations involved in the famous vendetta carried out by tha Akō rōnin. In the essays collected in Edo jidai to wa nanika 江戸時代とはなにか (published 1991, Iwanami Shoten) he deftly reviews a number of topics that bear on our understanding of the nature of Edo society. On the one hand he addresses the broad notions of chronology and general historical development that have influenced the assumptions that researchers and the general reading public bring to the study of the Edo period. On the other he takes up distinctive features of Edo social and political life, including patterns of religious practice, the establishment of the Tokugawa polity and relations between court and bakufu, and the call at the end of the Edo period for broad “public” discussion of matters of state. Of particular value is the nuanced discussion of a number of terms central to Edo social and political discourse, such as yaku 役 (social function or duty), kōgi 公儀 (public authority), and ie 家 (house).
   Researchers and students alike will find in these essays much food for thought. To have the collection available in English will surely stimulate a wider interest in as well as encourage a deeper understanding of the factors that shaped Edo society and its place within the course of development of Japanese history. (from recommendation of Prof. Kate Wildman Nakai)

[CONTENTS]
Acknowledgments
Preface
Introduction: The Periodization of Japanese History
Part Ⅰ: Basic Principles of Social Organization
     Chapter 1: Characteristics of Edo Social and Political Thought
     Chapter 2: The Place of the Emperor in the Edo State Structure
     Chapter 3: Sengoku Daimyo and the Bakuhan System
     Chapter 4: Tokugawa Ieyasu’s Promotion of Learning and Concept of the State
Part Ⅱ: Religion and Culture
     Chapter 5: The Formation of a Japanese National Religion
     Chapter 6: Individual and Group in Edo Thought
     Chapter 7: Genroku Culture and Society: The Rise of Professional Culture Specialists
Part Ⅲ: Perspective for the Modern Period
     Chapter 8: Bushi and the Meiji Restoration
     Chapter 9: The Modern Emperor System in Japanese History: The Historical Background to
                  the Emperor-as-an-Organ Theory
Glossary-Index


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